A Complete Guide to Keycap Materials and Profiles

July 21, 2023

Are you looking for a new keycap set for your mechanical keyboard? Choosing the right keycap materials and profiles is crucial to enhancing your typing or gaming experience.

We will explore the various keycap profiles and materials available, helping you make an informed decision with options like OEM, Cherry, DSA, XDA, and SA. Each profile offers a unique feel and aesthetic.

Keycap materials play a significant role in durability and performance. ABS and PBT are the main materials used, with PBT being highly regarded for its longevity.

Join us in this comprehensive guide to keycap materials and profiles and discover the key to unlocking a superior typing or gaming experience.

Understanding keycap profiles

Keycap profiles refer to the overall shape and height of the keycaps. Choosing the right profile can greatly impact your comfort and efficiency.

ABS plastic and PBT plastic are the two main options for keycaps. ABS plastic is commonly used and offers a smooth surface, but it is less durable compared to PBT plastic. PBT plastic is known for its durability and resistance to wear and tear.

Understanding keycap profiles and materials is crucial in selecting the perfect keycap set for your mechanical keyboard. So, whether you're a typist or a gamer, make sure to consider the keycap profile and material that best suits your preferences and needs.

Best keycap profile for typing

For an optimal typing experience, choose a keycap profile that promotes efficiency and minimizes finger stretching. When it comes to typing on a mechanical keyboard, the keycap profile can greatly affect your comfort and speed.

The Cherry keycaps are a popular choice among typists. Keyboards with Cherry keycaps are known for their reduced finger stretching, making it easier to reach all the keys without straining your fingers. Cherry keycaps provide a comfortable pressing experience, allowing you to type for longer periods without fatigue.

Choose keycaps with clear and legible characters, especially if you frequently type in low-light environments. If your keyboard has RGB lighting, select double-shot or pudding keycaps are recommended to maximize the illumination of the individual key characters.

Keycap profile for gaming

When it comes to gaming, the keycap profile choice is subjective and depends on personal preference. However, some profiles are widely recommended for gaming.

Cherry keycaps are often the first choice as they offer efficient and comfortable pressing, making them a popular choice among gamers. The keycap's slightly curved shape allows for quick and precise movements, reducing finger stretching and fatigue during intense gaming sessions.

The low-profile or optical switches can improve gaming response time, although they may be less comfortable for typing.

Best keycap profile for RGB keyboards

When it comes to RGB keyboards, doubleshot, and pudding keycaps are highly recommended. These keycap types allow the vibrant RGB lighting to shine through, which creates a stunning aesthetic effect.

In terms of keycap profile, it ultimately depends on personal preference. For RGB keyboards, keycap profiles like OEM, Cherry, and DSA are popular choices. These profiles offer a good balance between aesthetics and functionality.

OEM keycaps, with their slightly sculpted shape, provide a comfortable typing experience while showcasing the RGB lighting.

Cherry keycaps, known for their efficiency and comfortable pressing, are also a great option for gaming on RGB keyboards.

Popular keycap profiles

When it comes to popular keycap profiles, mechanical keyboard enthusiasts have a variety of options to choose from. Different keycap profiles offer unique shapes and heights, allowing users to customize their typing experience.

The OEM keycap profile is a common choice, featuring a slightly concave surface for comfortable typing.

The Cherry keycap profile is known for its low height and efficient key pressing, making it popular for gaming.

DSA and XDA keycap profiles have a uniform, flat surface---ideal for fast typers.

The SA keycap profile, with its tall, sculpted design, is a favorite among keyboard enthusiasts who love a vintage look.

Types of Keycap Materials

Keycaps for your mechanical keyboard are usually made of two main types of materials: PBT and ABS. PBT keycaps are considered superior due to their durability and resistance to discoloration over time. ABS keycaps may develop shine and wear out faster, but they can provide a smoother feel when typing.

PBT keycaps

PBT keycaps are popular because of their superior durability and long-lasting performance. They are made from a thermoplastic called polybutylene terephthalate. PBT keycaps are resistant to wear and tear, making them more resistant to shine and fading compared to ABS keycaps.

Their sturdy construction ensures that the legends---characters printed on the keycaps---won't fade over time.

PBT keycaps have a rougher texture compared to ABS keycaps, providing a more tactile feel when typing. This texture also helps to prevent fingers from slipping and improve grip during intense gaming sessions.

ABS keycaps

ABS keycaps have a smooth and sleek surface, allowing your fingers to glide effortlessly, providing a satisfying typing experience akin to dancing on a polished marble floor.

ABS, short for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene, is a popular choice for keycap material due to its affordability and versatility. These keycaps are known for their vibrant colors and high luster, enhancing the aesthetics of your keyboard.

However, ABS keycaps are less durable compared to PBT keycaps. Their protective coating may wear off, and the keycap becomes shiny. The legends may also fade away.

SA profile keycaps

SA profile keycaps have a tall and curved shape, providing a comfortable typing experience.

Typing on SA profile keycaps may take some time to get used to. But many users said that these keycaps improve their typing speed and accuracy.

Lastly, the unique shape of SA profile keycaps offers a retro and vintage aesthetic. These keycaps are often made from high-quality ABS or PBT materials.

OEM profile keycaps

OEM profile keycaps have an ergonomic design. These keycaps are known for their versatility and widespread use in many mechanical keyboard sets.

With a slightly taller height compared to other profiles, OEM keycaps provide a comfortable typing experience by allowing your fingers to rest naturally on the keys. The sculpted design of OEM keycaps also contributes to improved typing accuracy and reduced finger stretching.

Additionally, OEM keycaps are compatible with a wide range of keyboards, making them a popular choice for both beginners and experienced keyboard enthusiasts. Whether you're a gamer or a typist, OEM profile keycaps offer a balance of functionality, comfort, and aesthetics that can enhance your overall keyboard experience.

Cherry profile keycaps

Cherry profile keycaps are designed for efficiency. Shaped with a slight angle, sculpted Cherry profile keycaps offer improved comfort during long typing sessions.

The lower profile of Cherry keycaps allows for quicker key presses, which enhances your typing speed. These keycaps are also popular among gamers due to their efficiency and comfortable pressing.

The uniform profile of Cherry keycaps ensures a consistent feel across all keys, allowing for a seamless typing experience.

Choosing the Right Keycap Material

When choosing the right keycap material for your mechanical keyboard, you should consider the pros and cons of PBT and ABS keycaps.

Pros and cons of PBT keycaps

One of the main advantages of PBT keycaps is their superior durability. PBT (polybutylene terephthalate) is a high-quality plastic known for its resistance to wear and tear. They are resistant to becoming slippery and shiny over time.

The textured surface of PBT keycaps provides a more comfortable, tactile, and accurate typing experience since you can "feel" each key press. They're also less prone to melting or warping under high temperatures.

However, PBT keycaps can be more expensive than ABS keycaps and may have a slightly grainy texture.

Advantages and disadvantages of ABS keycaps

ABS keycaps are made of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, which is known for its affordability and ease of production.

Typing on your mechanical keyboard with ABS keycaps is fast and smooth due to the keycaps' smooth, sleek, and shiny surface. Finger movement is smooth and slick.

ABS keycaps often have vibrant and rich colors, making them a popular choice for keyboard enthusiasts who love customizing their keyboards. They have a slightly softer feel compared to PBT keycaps, which some users may find more comfortable for typing.

However, ABS keycaps are not as durable as PBT keycaps and can show signs of wear and shine over time. They are also more prone to developing a layer of greasy due to oils and sweat from your fingers.

Despite these disadvantages, ABS keycaps remain a popular choice for their affordability, vibrant colors, and sleek appearance.

Differences between SA and OEM keycap profiles

SA profile keycaps have a high profile and somewhat spherical shape, providing a unique typing experience. They offer a vintage aesthetic and a satisfying typing sound. However, due to their tall profile, SA keycaps may require more finger effort and can be less suitable for fast-paced typing or gaming.

OEM profile keycaps are sought-after for their versatility. They're slightly shorter than SA profile keycaps. OEM keycaps have a sculpted shape, with the top being slightly higher than the rest for improved ergonomics. They are a popular choice for both typing and gaming due to their balance between comfort and efficiency.

Factors to Consider When Selecting Keycaps

When it comes to typing experience, different keycap profiles can greatly affect your comfort and efficiency. Customizing your keyboard with keycap sets allows you to personalize your typing experience and express your unique style.

It's important to consider keycap sizes and compatibility to ensure your keycaps fit properly on your keyboard. Artisan keycaps offer a creative way to add a touch of personality to your keyboard, while replacing and maintaining keycaps is essential for keeping your keyboard in top condition.

Typing experience with different keycap profiles

When it comes to typing, the keycap profile you choose can make a significant difference. Sculpted keycaps, such as the Cherry profile, have a slight angle that aligns with the natural position of your fingers. This reduces finger stretching and promotes a more comfortable typing experience.

DSA and XDA profiles have a flat surface that allows for a consistent typing feel across all keys.

It's important to note that the keycap profile choice for typing is subjective and depends on personal preference. Some people may prefer the efficiency and reduced finger stretching of the Cherry profile, while others may find uniform keycaps more comfortable.

Customizing your keyboard with keycap sets

Enhance your keyboard's aesthetic and personalize your typing experience by customizing it with unique keycap sets. Custom keycaps allow you to add a touch of personality and style to your keyboard.

There are various ways to customize your keyboard with keycap sets. You can choose from a wide range of colors, designs, and materials to suit your preferences. Whether you prefer a minimalist look or a vibrant and eye-catching design, there is a keycap set out there for you.

Custom keycaps can be created via 3d-printing or artisan designs. However, they're generally quite expensive. Additionally, ensuring compatibility with your keyboard layout and design is important before purchasing keycaps.

Keycap sizes and compatibility

Ensure that the keycaps will fit your keyboard perfectly. Keycap sizes can vary depending on the keyboard layout, so it's crucial to check the compatibility before making a purchase.

Common layouts include ANSI and ISO, but non-standard layouts may have different keycap sizes.

By paying attention to keycap sizes and keyboard compatibility, you can ensure a seamless fit and enjoy a fully customized keyboard.

Artisan keycaps: Unlocking creativity

Artisan keycaps are handcrafted keycaps that are often made in small batches by specialty businesses, skilled artisans, and 3d-printers. These keycaps come in a wide variety of designs, ranging from cute and whimsical to dark and edgy. They can feature anything from animals and characters to symbols and logos.

Artisan keycaps are a fantastic way to personalize your keyboard and make it truly one-of-a-kind. Note though, that artisan keycaps can be quite expensive and may have limited availability. Some may not be compatible with your keyboard.

Replacing and maintaining keycaps

Revamping the appearance and feel of your mechanical keyboard is as simple as swapping out your worn-out keycaps with fresh and vibrant replacements.

To get started, carefully remove the old keycaps using a keycap puller or even your fingers. Align the slots of the new keycaps with the switches. Gently press them down until they click into place.

Maintaining keycaps is also important to keep them in top condition. Regularly clean them with a soft cloth or a keycap brush to remove any dirt or debris. For deep cleaning, remove them and clean the switches and keyboard surface under them.

Q: What is the purpose of this guide?

A: The purpose of this guide is to provide a complete understanding of keycap materials and profiles, to help you make informed decisions when choosing keycaps for your keyboard.

Q: What are keycap materials?

A: Keycap materials refer to the substances used to manufacture keycaps. The most common materials are ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) and PBT (Polybutylene Terephthalate).

Q: What is ABS and PBT?

A: ABS and PBT are types of plastic commonly used for keycaps. ABS keycaps are generally smooth and have a shiny appearance, while PBT keycaps have a textured surface and are more durable.

Q: What are the differences between ABS and PBT keycaps?

A: ABS keycaps are known for their affordability and customization options, but they can wear out over time and develop a shine. On the other hand, PBT keycaps are considered more durable, resistant to shine, and have a higher-quality feel.

Q: Which keycap material is better for typing?

A: PBT keycaps are generally preferred for typing due to their textured surface, which provides a better grip and prevents finger slippage.

Q: Which keycap material is better for gaming?

A: Both ABS and PBT keycaps can be suitable for gaming. ABS keycaps are popular for their smooth surface, which allows for faster finger movement, while PBT keycaps are favored for their durability.

Q: What are keycap profiles?

A: Keycap profiles refer to the overall shape and design of the keycaps. Different profiles offer varying heights and angles, impacting the ergonomics and typing experience.

Q: What are the common keycap profiles?

A: Some common keycap profiles include OEM, Cherry, DSA, SA, and XDA. Each profile has its own unique characteristics and appeal.

Q: What keycap profile is best for typing?

A: The best keycap profile for typing is subjective and depends on personal preference. However, Cherry profile is often recommended for typing due to its comfortable curvature.

Q: What keycap profile is best for gaming?

A: The best keycap profile for gaming is also a matter of personal preference. Many gamers prefer the flat and low-profile DSA or XDA profiles for quick and precise movements.


Keycaps are the heart of your mechanical keyboard. Understanding the different keycap materials and profiles is essential when customizing your keyboard to suit your personal preferences. Whether you prioritize durability, aesthetics, or typing experience, this complete guide has provided you with the necessary knowledge to make an informed decision when choosing keycaps.

Erickson, a certified Interior Designer and Ergonomist, has cultivated a unique career blending aesthetics, functionality, and well-being. Holding a Bachelor's degree in Interior Designfrom a prestigious institution, Erickson is well-versed in creating spaces that are both visually pleasing and conducive to human comfort and health.
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