Mechanical Keyboard Mods to Make Your Keyboard Look, Feel and Sound Better

August 24, 2023

Mechanical keyboards have become a favorite among typing enthusiasts and gamers alike, thanks to their superior tactile feedback, durability, and customization potential. However, while stock mechanical keyboards offer a delightful typing experience, true keyboard enthusiasts know that the journey to keyboard nirvana lies in the realm of modifications.

From enhancing the look and feel to fine-tuning the acoustics, mechanical keyboard mods open up a world of possibilities to create a truly personalized and enjoyable typing experience.

In this article, we delve into the exciting world of mechanical keyboard modifications to improve your keyboard. We will explore easy ways to take your keyboard to the next level.

Whether you're a seasoned modder or new to the customization scene, these mods will help you upgrade a basic keyboard into a one-of-a-kind masterpiece that looks, feels, and sounds better than ever before. 

What are keyboard mods?

Ever wondered why keyboard mods are such a big deal in the tech community? 

Keyboard mods, short for keyboard modifications, refer to alterations or customizations made to a computer keyboard to improve its functionality, aesthetics, or user experience. Sometimes referred to as "tweaks," these modifications can range from simple changes like replacing keycaps or switches to more complex modifications that involve firmware updates, lighting enhancements, and sound dampening.

For many keyboard enthusiasts, these mods improve not just aesthetics but also performance and comfort.

Why are keyboard mods popular?

Keyboard mods are popular for several reasons. Their increasing popularity can be attributed to the following factors:

  1. Customization: Keyboard mods allow keyboard enthusiasts to personalize their keyboards according to their preferences, tastes, and ergonomic needs. Users can choose different switches, keycaps, and layouts to create a keyboard that looks and feels unique.
  2. Improved Typing Experience: Upgrading to high-quality mechanical switches and lubing them can significantly improve the typing experience. Users often find mechanical keyboards with custom switches to be more responsive, tactile, and enjoyable to use for extended periods.
  3. Enhanced Aesthetic Appeal: Custom keycaps and RGB lighting allow users to give their keyboards a visually appealing and eye-catching look. Many people enjoy creating unique and attractive setups that match their desk or computer setup.
  4. Mechanical Keyboard Community: The mechanical keyboard enthusiast community has grown significantly in recent years with numerous forums, websites, and social media groups dedicated to sharing knowledge and experiences about keyboard modifications. This community-driven interest fosters the exchange of ideas, encourages creativity, and fuels the popularity of keyboard mods.
  5. Sense of Achievement: Successfully modding a keyboard can give users a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction. The process of researching, planning, and executing modifications can be challenging, but the end result often brings a rewarding feeling of having a one-of-a-kind keyboard.
  6. Tech Enthusiast Culture: As technology enthusiasts, many people enjoy exploring the possibilities of customizing and optimizing their gadgets. Keyboard mods provide an avenue for creative expression and technical tinkering that resonates with this culture.
  7. High-Quality Components: Mechanical keyboards and their components have become more accessible and affordable in recent years, making it easier for users to experiment with different mods and try out various combinations of switches, keycaps, and lighting.

Common Keyboard Modifications

Keyboard enthusiasts, gamers, and avid typists alike modify their mechanical keyboards. From enhancing typing comfort to creating eye-catching setups, keyboard modifications have become a captivating pursuit for those seeking to elevate their typing experience.

Here are some of the most popular modifications; each transforms a standard keyboard into a bespoke tool tailored to individual preferences. 

  1. Switch Upgrades: One of the most popular keyboard modifications involves replacing the stock switches on a mechanical keyboard with different mechanical keyboard switches that offer varying actuation forces, tactile feedback, and sound profiles. This can significantly change the typing experience and improve overall comfort and satisfaction.
  2. Keycap Replacements: Keycaps are the individual keys on a keyboard. Swapping out the default keycaps with custom ones allows users to change the look, feel, and even sound of their keyboard. Different keycap materials and profiles can enhance typing comfort and aesthetics.
  3. Switch Lubing: Switch lubrication, or "lubbing," involves applying a special lubricant to the mechanical switches to reduce friction and dampen the noise produced during key presses. This modification enhances typing smoothness and creates a quieter keyboard.
  4. Custom Keymaps: Users can modify the key layouts and assign custom functions to specific keys on their keyboard through firmware programming or software tools. This enables personalized shortcuts and macros, making the keyboard more efficient for individual needs.
  5. Backlighting and RGB Mods: Adding or modifying the lighting on a keyboard can improve visibility in low-light conditions and add an aesthetic appeal to the setup. RGB (Red, Green, Blue) lighting allows users to choose from a wide range of colors and lighting effects for a more visually appealing experience.
  6. Sound Dampening: Sound dampening modifications are aimed at reducing the noise produced by the keyboard during typing. Techniques such as using O-rings or foam inserts can minimize the impact noise of key presses.
  7. Case Modifications: Some enthusiasts go a step further and modify the physical case of the keyboard, creating custom designs or using alternative materials to give the keyboard a unique appearance.

Benefits of keyboard mods

Modifying a keyboard isn't just about aesthetics; it's also about enhancing the overall typing experience and making your device truly unique. Here are some of the key advantages of keyboard modifications:

  1. Improved Typing Experience: Upgrading to high-quality mechanical switches and customizing key layouts can greatly enhance the typing experience. Mechanical switches provide better tactile feedback and actuation, resulting in more comfortable and precise typing.
  2. Enhanced Comfort and Ergonomics: Keyboard mods allow users to tailor the keyboard to their ergonomic preferences. This can reduce strain on the hands and wrists, leading to a more comfortable typing experience and potentially minimizing the risk of repetitive strain injuries (RSIs).
  3. Customization and Personalization: Keyboard mods offer the freedom to personalize the keyboard's look and feel. Users can choose from a wide range of keycap designs, colors, and materials to create a keyboard that reflects their individual style and personality.
  4. Productivity and Efficiency: Custom keymaps and macros enable users to optimize their keyboard for specific tasks or applications. This can streamline workflow and boost productivity by reducing the need to switch between mouse and keyboard frequently.
  5. Aesthetic Appeal: Adding RGB lighting and custom keycaps can create a visually stunning and attractive keyboard setup. The ability to customize lighting patterns and colors adds a unique touch to the overall computer setup.
  6. Quieter Typing: Sound-dampening modifications, such as lubing switches or using o-rings, can reduce the noise produced by key presses and improves the acoustics of your keyboard. This is particularly useful for users who work in shared environments or need a quieter workspace.
  7. Sense of Achievement: Successfully completing keyboard modifications can bring a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction. The process of researching, planning, and executing mods can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for enthusiasts.
  8. Community and Engagement: The world of keyboard modifications has a thriving online community where users share their experiences, knowledge, and ideas. Engaging with this community fosters a sense of belonging and encourages further exploration and experimentation.
  9. Longevity and Sustainability: Some keyboard mods, such as switch replacements and keycap upgrades, can improve the overall durability and lifespan of the keyboard. This may result in a more sustainable approach to computing by reducing electronic waste from frequent keyboard replacements.
  10. Versatility and Adaptability: Keyboard mods offer versatility, allowing users to adapt their keyboards to various use cases and preferences. Whether it's for gaming, programming, writing, or general computer use, customized keyboards can accommodate different needs.

Keyboard modifications may not be suitable for everyone. Some modifications require technical knowledge and may void the keyboard's warranty. 

Dangers of keyboard mods

There are also potential dangers and risks associated with modifying your keyboard. These dangers can range from minor inconveniences to more significant issues that could permanently damage your keyboard or even cause harm. 

  1. Voiding Warranty: Many keyboard manufacturers have strict warranty policies, and opening or modifying your keyboard may void its warranty. If any issues arise after the mod, you may no longer be able to get support or have the keyboard repaired or replaced under warranty.
  2. Physical Damage: Disassembling the keyboard to perform certain modifications, such as switch replacements or case modifications, can lead to physical damage if not done correctly. This could result in broken parts, loose connections, or misaligned components that affect the keyboard's functionality.
  3. Electrostatic Discharge (ESD): When handling electronic components during mods, there's a risk of static electricity discharging and damaging sensitive circuits. Without proper ESD precautions, you could inadvertently fry electronic components, rendering the keyboard inoperable.
  4. Incompatibility and Errors: Certain modifications might not be compatible with all keyboard models or layouts. Errors during the modification process, such as firmware flashing mistakes or incorrect soldering, can cause malfunctions or make the keyboard unusable.
  5. Loss of Functionality: Keyboard mods might not always work as intended, leading to a loss of certain features or functions. For instance, custom firmware might not support specific keyboard shortcuts or media keys, limiting your overall experience.
  6. Reduced Resale Value: If you plan to sell or upgrade your keyboard in the future, extensive modifications might lower its resale value or make it less desirable to potential buyers who prefer a stock keyboard.
  7. Personal Injury: When performing more involved modifications, such as case alterations, there's a risk of injury from tools, sharp edges, or heated components like soldering irons. It's essential to take proper safety precautions and use the right tools to avoid accidents.
  8. Software and Firmware Issues: Custom firmware or keymaps might contain bugs or compatibility issues that can lead to unexpected behavior or system instability.
  9. Financial Loss: If a modification goes wrong and causes irreversible damage to the keyboard, you might need to purchase a new keyboard, resulting in financial loss.

To mitigate these dangers, consider the following precautions:

  • Do thorough research and understand the modification process before attempting it.
  • Take necessary safety measures such as using ESD protection and proper tools.
  • Start with reversible and less invasive mods before attempting more complex ones.
  • Back up any important data or settings before modifying your keyboard.

Always remember that keyboard modifications should be undertaken at your own risk. Before attempting any modification, you should assess your technical skills and comfort level. If you're not confident in your abilities, it's best to seek help from experienced modders or professional keyboard services.

Popular Mechanical Keyboard Mods

Ready to level up your keyboard experience? Do you want to make your keyboard look, feel and sound great?Let's dive into some popular mods for your keyboard.

Choosing the right mechanical switches

Choosing the right switches when you modify your keyboard is essential as it directly impacts your typing experience and comfort. Here are some steps to help you choose the right switches:

  1. Research switch types: Familiarize yourself with the different types of switches available. The most common switch types are Cherry MX, Gateron, Kailh, and others. Each switch type has unique characteristics, including actuation force, tactile feedback, and sound profile.
  2. Understand switch characteristics: Pay attention to the actuation force, which determines the amount of pressure required to register a keypress. Some switches have light actuation forces for a softer touch, while others have heavier actuation forces for more resistance. Consider whether you prefer a tactile bump or a smooth linear feel during key presses.
  3. Try different switches: If possible, try out different switches before making a decision. Many enthusiasts attend meetups or visit stores with display keyboards to test switches in person. Alternatively, you can purchase a switch tester that includes various switch types for testing at home.
  4. Consider your typing style: Your typing style and preferences play a significant role in choosing the right switches. If you type with a light touch and prefer a smooth, quiet experience, you might lean toward linear switches. If you want a more pronounced tactile bump and don't mind some noise, tactile switches might be a better fit. For gamers, switches with low actuation forces are often preferred for quicker response times.
  5. Think about your environment: Consider where you'll be using the keyboard. If you work in a shared office space or need a quiet setup, you may want to opt for switches that are designed to reduce noise, such as switches with dampened stems or silent variants.
  6. Take note of the keyboard's build: Some keyboard models are specifically designed to work best with certain switch types due to the keyboard's build and layout. Check if the keyboard you're interested in has specific switch compatibility or restrictions.
  7. Read reviews and seek recommendations: Read reviews from other users who have experience with the switches you're considering. Seek recommendations from keyboard enthusiast communities or online forums.
  8. Consider switch customization: Some keyboards allow you to hot-swappable switches, which means you can easily change switches without soldering. This feature allows you to experiment with different switch types without committing to a permanent choice.

Replacing switches

Replacing switches on a mechanical keyboard is a common keyboard modding process. It can be a bit more involved than some other mechanical keyboard mods. However, it's a rewarding process that allows you to fine-tune your typing experience. 

Materials Needed

  • New Switches: Purchase the replacement switches of your choice. Make sure they are compatible with your keyboard's layout and switch type (e.g., Cherry MX, Gateron, etc.).
  • Switch Puller: A switch puller is a specialized tool designed to safely remove switches from the keyboard PCB.
  • Desoldering Tools (if applicable): If your keyboard has soldered switches, you'll need desoldering equipment, including a soldering iron, solder wick, or a desoldering pump.

Step-by-Step Guide

Note: Before proceeding, check if your unit is a hot-swappable keyboard. If it does, you can skip the desoldering steps and simply pull out the old switches and push in the new ones. If your keyboard doesn't have hot-swappable sockets, you'll need to desolder the old switches and solder in the new ones.

  1. Disassemble the keyboard: Remove the keycaps and any screws securing the keyboard's plate or PCB to the case. If your keyboard has a metal plate, take it out to access the switches easily.
  2. Identify the switches to replace: Identify the switches you want to replace. Use the switch puller to carefully remove the switches.
  3. Desolder the old switches (if applicable):
    • Heat up your soldering iron and wait for it to reach the desired temperature.
    • Place the desoldering wick or desoldering pump on the solder joint of the first switch to be replaced.
    • Heat the solder joint with the soldering iron and use the desoldering wick or pump to remove the solder. You may need to do this on both sides of the switch.
    • Once the solder is removed, gently wiggle the switch to free it from the PCB.
  4. Install the new switches:
    • If your keyboard has hot-swappable sockets, simply push the new switches into the socket until they click into place.
    • If your keyboard doesn't have hot-swappable sockets, align the legs of the new switch with the holes on the PCB.
    • Heat the solder joints and apply a small amount of solder to secure the new switch to the PCB. Be careful not to use too much solder or leave any solder bridges between adjacent solder pads.
  5. Test the switches: Before fully reassembling the keyboard, test the replaced switches to ensure they register properly when pressed.
  6. Reassemble the keyboard: Once you've tested the switches and are satisfied with their functionality, reassemble the keyboard by putting the metal plate (if applicable) back into place, securing any screws, and placing the keycaps on the new switches.

If you're unsure or uncomfortable with soldering, consider seeking assistance from someone experienced or a professional keyboard service

Using lubes to improve switch performance

Lube your switches periodically. Using lubrication to improve switch performance is a fantastic way to enhance your typing experience. Not only does lubbing make your switches smoother, but it also reduces the noise they produce. It's like giving your keyboard a well-deserved spa day to improve the sound and feel of your keyboard.

Note: Lubing your switches requires disassembling and opening up the keyboard. If you're not comfortable with this process, it's best to seek assistance from experienced enthusiasts or professional keyboard services.

Materials Needed

  • Lubricant: Switch lubricants come in different viscosities. The most common lubricants for switches are oil-based or grease-based. Popular lubricants include Krytox, Tribosys (also known as "Tribus"), and Permatex dielectric grease.
  • Switch Opener or Keycap Puller: To remove the keycaps and open the switches.
  • Tweezers: For handling small parts and springs inside the switches.
  • Cleaning Supplies: Isopropyl alcohol or contact cleaner for cleaning the switches before lubrication.
  • Small brush or applicator: To apply the lubricant precisely.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Remove the keycaps: Use a keycap puller to remove all the keycaps from the keyboard. This will expose the switches for lubrication.
  2. Open the switches: Depending on your keyboard, you may need to open each switch individually. Use a switch opener or a small tool like a flathead screwdriver to carefully open the switch housing.
  3. Clean the switches: Before applying lubricant, clean the switches to remove any dust or debris. Use a small brush or compressed air to clean the switch housing, stem, and spring. You can also use isopropyl alcohol or contact cleaner to wipe the parts clean.
  4. Apply lubricant: Using a clean brush or applicator, apply a thin layer of lubricant to the slider rails, stem legs, and coil spring inside the switch. The goal is to reduce friction without over-lubricating, as excess lubricant may affect the switch's performance.
  5. Reassemble the switches: Once you've applied the lubricant, carefully reassemble each switch. Make sure the components are aligned properly, and the switch housing is closed securely.
  6. Press the switches: After lubricating and reassembling all the switches, press each key several times to distribute the lubricant evenly throughout the switch.
  7. Replace keycaps: Put the keycaps back on the switches once you're satisfied with the lubrication.
  8. Test and fine-tune: Test the keyboard thoroughly to check the difference in switch performance. If needed, you can fine-tune the amount of lubricant on individual switches to achieve your desired feel.

Lubing switches can be a delicate process, and it's crucial to apply the right amount of lubricant to avoid issues like sluggish keys or switch chatter. 

Installing o-rings for a quieter typing experience

Installing o-rings for a quieter typing experience is a simple yet effective way to enhance your keyboard. By slipping these tiny rubber rings onto your keycaps, you can create a softer and less noisy typing experience. These o-rings act as mini shock absorbers, dampening the sound and reducing the impact when you bottom out the keys.

Materials Needed

  • O-rings: Purchase o-rings specifically designed for mechanical keyboards. They come in different thicknesses, typically ranging from 1.0mm to 2.5mm. Thicker o-rings provide more cushioning but may reduce key travel distance slightly more.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Remove keycaps: Use a keycap puller to remove the keycaps from the keyboard. You can remove the keycaps for the keys you want to install the o-rings on (e.g., all, some, or just specific keys like the spacebar).
  2. Position the O-rings: Take an o-ring and carefully place it onto the stem of the switch underneath the keycap. Ensure that the o-ring sits centrally on the stem and is aligned correctly.
  3. Press down: Push the keycap with the attached o-ring back onto the switch stem. You will feel slight resistance as the o-ring compresses when you bottom-out the keycap.
  4. Check the stability: After installing the o-rings on all desired keycaps, test the keycaps' stability and ensure that they sit evenly on the switches. Make sure the o-rings do not interfere with the keycap's movement or cause any sticking issues.
  5. Test type: Type on the keyboard to feel the difference with the installed o-rings. The o-rings should dampen the impact and reduce the noise when the keycaps bottom out.
  6. Fine-tune if necessary: If you find the typing experience is not to your liking, you can experiment with different o-ring thicknesses or adjust the number of o-rings on each keycap.
  7. Replace keycaps: Once you are satisfied with the o-ring installation and typing experience, put all the keycaps back onto the switches.

O-ring installation is a straightforward process and can be easily reversed if you decide to remove them later. 

Replacing keycaps for a personalized touch

Replacing keycaps is a fantastic way to add a personalized touch to your mechanical keyboard. Keycaps come in various materials, profiles, and colors, allowing you to create a unique and aesthetically pleasing keyboard setup. 

Materials Needed

  • New Keycaps: Choose keycaps that fit the layout of your keyboard and match your desired style. Keycaps are available in different materials like ABS, PBT, and various profiles such as OEM, Cherry, SA, etc.
  • Keycap Puller: A keycap puller is a handy tool that helps you safely and easily remove the keycaps from the switches without damaging them.
  • Soft Cloth: To clean the keycaps and prevent scratches while working on them.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Remove old keycaps: Use a keycap puller to gently remove the old keycaps from the keyboard. Place the keycap puller over the keycap, press down, and pull up to pop off the keycap. Be careful not to apply too much force to avoid damaging the switches.
  2. Install the new keycaps: Take the new keycaps and align them over the switch stems. Press down firmly until you hear or feel a click, indicating that the keycap is properly attached to the switch.
  3. Check the keycap alignment: After installing all the new keycaps, check for any misaligned or wobbly keycaps. Make sure all the keycaps sit evenly and securely on the switches.
  4. Test Type: Type on the keyboard to get a feel for the new keycaps. Different keycap materials and profiles may affect the typing experience, so give yourself some time to adjust to the new keycaps.
  5. Fine-Tune if necessary: If you find any issues or discomfort while typing, consider adjusting or replacing specific keycaps to optimize your typing experience.

Replacing keycaps is a straightforward process and does not require any technical knowledge. It allows you to express your style and preferences, making your keyboard truly your own. Whether you opt for vibrant colors, artisan keycaps, or a minimalist design, replacing keycaps is a great way to showcase your personality through your keyboard setup.

Modifying stabilizers for reduced wobble

Stabilizer modding allows you to type without key wobble By lubricating the stabilizer wires and housing, you'll notice an immediate reduction in noise and improved keyboard performance.

Using stabilizers is a great step in reducing keycap wobble, especially for larger keys like the spacebar, enter key, and shift keys on mechanical keyboards. Stabilizers are mechanical components that help keep larger keys stable and evenly pressed, preventing excessive side-to-side movement or "wobble" when typing. 

Materials Needed

  • Stabilizers: Purchase stabilizers that match your keyboard layout and are compatible with your keycap set. Stabilizers come in various sizes, so ensure they fit the specific keys you want to stabilize.
  • Keycap Puller: A keycap puller will help you remove the keycaps from the stabilized keys during installation.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Identify the stabilized keys: Look for the larger keys on your keyboard that require stabilizers. These typically include the spacebar, enter key, shift keys, and sometimes other larger keys like the backspace or spacebar split keys.
  2. Remove the keycaps: Use a keycap puller to carefully remove the keycaps from the stabilized keys. Be gentle to avoid damaging the keycaps or the switches.
  3. Install the stabilizers: For each stabilized key, place the stabilizer into the stabilizer housing on the PCB or plate. Make sure the stabilizer wire is correctly seated in the stabilizer inserts.
  4. Attach the keycaps: Take the keycaps and align them with the switch stems. Press down firmly until you hear or feel a click, indicating that the keycap is properly attached to the switch.
  5. Test for wobble: Press the stabilized keys and check for any wobbling or side-to-side movement. Properly installed stabilizers should keep the keycaps stable and prevent excessive wobble.
  6. Check for keycap binding: While test typing, check if any keycaps are binding or rubbing against the keyboard case or other keycaps. If you encounter any issues, adjust the stabilizer or keycap positioning to resolve the problem.

Properly installing and adjusting stabilizers may require some trial and error to achieve the desired level of stability. Take your time and experiment with different stabilizer adjustments until you find the configuration that works best for your typing preferences. 

Using a desk mat to dampen keyboard vibrations

Using a desk mat is not just about aesthetics or comfort. It also serves as a soundproofing tool. A desk mat underneath your keyboard can significantly reduce vibrations, leading to quieter keystrokes. You'll be surprised by how much of a difference this small addition can make in dampening noise.

There are many styles and prints of desk mats in the market, all of which enhance the overall vibe of your workspace. Choose one that represents your style and fits well with your setup.

Customizing your keyboard case for a unique look

Customizing your keyboard case is a fantastic way to give your mechanical keyboard a unique and personalized look. Whether you want a sleek and minimalist design or a vibrant and eye-catching setup, customizing the case allows you to express your style and creativity. 

Custom cases come in various materials such as aluminum, acrylic, or wood, each offering a unique aesthetic and feel. You can also experiment with different colors or finishes, making your keyboard truly one-of-a-kind.

If you're feeling particularly crafty, why not try adding underglow LEDs for that extra pop? 

Materials Needed

  • Keyboard Case: Choose a mechanical keyboard case that is compatible with your keyboard's layout and supports customization. Some cases are specifically designed for easy customization, with removable or interchangeable parts.
  • Vinyl Wraps, Decals, or Paint: Depending on your desired look, you can use vinyl wraps, decals, or paint to customize the case. Vinyl wraps and decals are easy to apply and remove, making them ideal for temporary changes, while paint offers more permanent customization.
  • Masking Tape: For precise painting or creating clean lines on the case.
  • Sandpaper: To smoothen the case surface before painting.
  • Clear Coat (Optional): To protect and seal the painted surface.
  • Cleaning Supplies: Isopropyl alcohol or contact cleaner to clean the case before customization.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Disassemble the Keyboard: If your keyboard case is modular or has removable parts, disassemble it to access the sections you want to customize.
  2. Clean the case: Thoroughly clean the case with isopropyl alcohol or contact cleaner to remove any dust, oils, or fingerprints. A clean surface ensures better adhesion for vinyl wraps or paint.
  3. Sand the case to prepare it for painting: If you plan to paint the case, use sandpaper to lightly sand the surface. This creates a better surface for the paint to adhere to. Be gentle and avoid sanding too aggressively.
  4. Mask the case: If you're painting the case, use masking tape to cover areas you don't want to paint. This creates clean lines and prevents the paint from getting on unwanted areas.
  5. Paint the case: Apply thin, even coats of paint to the case. Allow each coat to dry before applying the next one. Multiple thin coats ensure a smooth and professional finish. Let the paint dry completely before removing the masking tape.
  6. Apply a clear coat (Optional): If you've painted the case, you can apply a clear coat to protect the paint and add a glossy finish. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for applying the clear coat.
  7. Apply vinyl wraps or decals rather than painting the case: Vinyl wraps and decals are easy to apply and remove, making them an excellent choice for temporary customization. Follow the instructions provided with the wraps or decals to apply them accurately on the case.
  8. Reassemble the keyboard: Once the customization is complete and any paint or clear coat has dried, reassemble the keyboard case with all the components in place.

Feel free to experiment with different colors, patterns, or even mix and match materials for a truly one-of-a-kind keyboard setup. 

Modification of the PCB of Your Mechanical Keyboard for Advanced Customization

If you're a seasoned keyboard enthusiast looking to take your customization to the next level, modding your PCB (printed circuit board) opens up a world of advanced customization possibilities. Modding the PCB allows you to tailor your keyboard's functionality, lighting effects, and even communication protocols to your specific preferences. While this level of customization requires technical expertise and carries some risks, the rewards are unparalleled in terms of creating a truly unique and personalized keyboard.

Custom Firmware

One of the most powerful ways to mod your PCB is by flashing custom firmware. Custom firmware, often community-driven and open-source, enables you to create or modify keymaps, macros, and advanced functionalities tailored to your workflow. With custom firmware, you can program complex key combinations, remap keys, and even implement layers for different applications or tasks. Popular open-source firmware projects like QMK (Quantum Mechanical Keyboard) and VIA allow for extensive customization and support a wide range of keyboards.

LED and RGB Lighting Modifications

Modding your PCB opens up possibilities for advanced LED and RGB lighting modifications. With custom firmware, you can create intricate lighting effects, animations, and dynamic color schemes that go beyond the standard presets offered by commercial keyboards. If your PCB supports individually addressable RGB LEDs, you can program each key to display unique colors and patterns, adding a mesmerizing visual aspect to your keyboard setup.

Communication Protocols

For the technically adept, modding your PCB can involve altering communication protocols to interface with custom controllers or devices. This advanced level of modding enables you to create highly specialized keyboards for niche applications, such as music production, gaming, or accessibility. By implementing different communication protocols, you can control your keyboard through various interfaces, like MIDI, Bluetooth, or USB.

Hot-Swappable Sockets

For those who love experimenting with switches, adding hot-swappable sockets to your PCB can be a game-changer. Hot-swappable PCBs allow you to change switches without soldering, making it easy to test and fine-tune various switch types to find your ideal typing experience. Additionally, you can switch out switches as your preferences evolve without the need for desoldering and soldering each time.

Advanced Power Management

Modding your PCB can also include advanced power management features. Implementing features like power-saving modes or battery charging circuits can be beneficial for wireless or portable keyboards. These custom power management solutions optimize battery life and make your keyboard more energy-efficient.

Caution: Know the Risks

Before attempting to mod, it's essential to acknowledge that PCB modding is a technical endeavor that carries certain risks. Every keyboard is different. Incorrect or incomplete modifications can lead to non-functional keyboards or permanent damage. Make sure to follow detailed guides, consult community forums, and have a solid understanding of electronics and programming before attempting any PCB mods. Always back up your original firmware before making changes to revert back in case of issues.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Modding Your Keyboard

When modding your keyboard, it's important to avoid common mistakes that can lead to damage or unsatisfactory results. It's essential to be aware of potential pitfalls and mistakes to avoid. 

  1. Lack of research: Jumping into modifications without proper research can lead to unexpected issues or incompatible components. Make sure to understand the specific requirements and compatibility of the mods you plan to undertake.
  2. Skipping safety precautions: Modding may involve using tools and handling electronic components. Neglecting safety precautions, such as wearing anti-static wrist straps or using proper eye protection, can lead to accidents or damage to your keyboard.
  3. Forgetting to back up: Before making any significant modifications, back up your keyboard's original firmware, settings, and configuration. This ensures that you have a way to revert back to the original state in case something goes wrong.
  4. Over-tightening screws: When reassembling your keyboard after modifications, avoid over-tightening screws. Over-tightening can damage the screw threads or the case, leading to loose connections or stripped screws in the future.
  5. Soldering errors: If your mods involve soldering, make sure to solder correctly and avoid creating solder bridges or cold solder joints. Poor soldering can result in non-functional switches or damage to the PCB.
  6. Using incorrect lubricants: If you're lubricating switches, make sure to use the appropriate lubricant for switches. Using the wrong type of lubricant or over-lubing can cause sticky or sluggish keypresses.
  7. Skipping switch testing: If you're replacing switches, test the new switches before fully reassembling the keyboard. Skipping this step may lead to non-functional switches or the need to disassemble everything again.
  8. Using incompatible keycaps: Before purchasing new keycaps, ensure they are compatible with your keyboard's layout and switch type. Some keyboards have non-standard keycap sizes, and using incompatible keycaps can lead to fitment issues.
  9. Excessive keycap removal: Frequent removal of keycaps can wear out the keycap stems or the key switches. Avoid unnecessary keycap removal to prolong their lifespan.
  10. Overcomplicating mods: Complex mods may require advanced skills and specialized tools. If you're new to modding, start with simpler modifications and gradually work your way up to more complex projects.
  11. Forgetting warranty implications: Some modifications may void your keyboard's warranty. Consider whether the benefits of the mod outweigh the potential loss of warranty coverage.

By avoiding these common mistakes and taking your time during the keyboard modding process, you can enhance your keyboard's performance and aesthetics while minimizing the risk of damage or errors.


Upgrade your mechanical keyboard through modding. Modding your keyboard isn't just a hobby; it's an opportunity to make your mechanical keyboard look, sound, and feel great. It helps improve your typing experience and add personal flair.

There are various ways to achieve this such as keycap and switch upgrades as well as soundproofing techniques. It's important to start simple and gradually tackle more complex mods. By diving into this world of customization, you can make your custom keyboard truly yours!

Erickson, a certified Interior Designer and Ergonomist, has cultivated a unique career blending aesthetics, functionality, and well-being. Holding a Bachelor's degree in Interior Designfrom a prestigious institution, Erickson is well-versed in creating spaces that are both visually pleasing and conducive to human comfort and health.
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Pinstack is a dedicated online media platform focusing on selling and reviewing mechanical keyboards. Our commitment is to provide comprehensive reviews, in-depth guides, and much more. With our active presence on YouTube and our website, we strive to deliver top-quality content across multiple platforms, aiming to bring the best to our audience.
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