Most Expensive Keyboard: Understanding the Economics of Custom Mechanical Keyboards

September 20, 2023

Technology meets personal expression when it comes to custom mechanical keyboards. The hobby of customizing keyboards has carved out a distinct niche, seamlessly blending functionality and artistic flair. These intricately designed computer peripherals devices have garnered a devoted following among enthusiasts drawn to the allure of tailor-made typing experiences, distinct aesthetics, and the sheer satisfaction of owning a one-of-a-kind piece of technology.

As one ventures deeper into the passion of customizing mechanical keyboards, a common inquiry arises: What factors contribute to the rather steep price tag associated with these personalized peripherals?

This article includes a comprehensive exploration of the elements responsible for the heightened cost of these individually crafted typing instruments. From the use of exquisite components and meticulous hand assembly to the limited production runs and the magnetic appeal of rarity, we will peel back the layers to understand the intricate economic and passionate forces propelling the custom mechanical keyboard market.

Understand the craftsmanship, personalization, and economic dynamics that transform these keyboards into not just utilitarian tools but also sought-after pieces of art.

Introduction to Custom Mechanical Keyboards

You've probably heard of custom mechanical keyboards but might be wondering what sets them apart from regular ones. They're not just about aesthetics; they offer superior performance, durability, and a personalized typing experience. However, these benefits come with a higher price tag, which we're about to delve into.

What is a Custom Mechanical Keyboard?

A custom mechanical keyboard is a type of computer keyboard that is designed and assembled according to the user's specific preferences and requirements. Unlike off-the-shelf or pre-built keyboards, custom mechanical keyboards allow users to select and customize various components to create a keyboard that suits their unique needs and preferences. Key features of custom mechanical keyboards include:

  1. Key switches: Users can choose from a variety of mechanical key switches with different actuation force, tactile feedback, and noise levels. These switches are the heart of the keyboard and greatly influence typing feel and performance.
  2. Keycaps : Custom keyboards often offer the option to select keycap materials, colors, and profiles. Some enthusiasts even opt for artisan keycaps, which are handcrafted and highly detailed keycap designs.
  3. Keyboard layout: Users can choose from various keyboard layouts, such as tenkeyless (TKL), 60%, or 40%, depending on their typing preferences and space constraints.
  4. Case material and design: Custom keyboards come with a range of case materials, including aluminum, plastic, or wood. The case design can be highly customizable, allowing users to choose from different shapes, colors, and finishes.
  5. PCB (Printed Circuit Board): Custom keyboards often use custom-designed PCBs, which can have unique features like programmability, hot-swappable switches, and RGB lighting.
  6. Plate material: The plate beneath the key switches can be made from various materials like aluminum or steel, affecting the keyboard's typing feel and acoustics.
  7. Stabilizers: Custom stabilizers can be chosen for improved key stability, reduced wobble, and smoother keypresses.
  8. Cable and connectors: Users may choose custom cables and connectors for aesthetics or durability.
  9. Custom firmware: Some custom keyboards allow users to program and customize the keyboard's firmware to define key functions and macros.
  10. Aesthetics: Personalized design elements such as custom engravings, artwork, or unique keycap sets contribute to the aesthetics of custom mechanical keyboards.

Custom mechanical keyboards cater to keyboard enthusiasts and professionals who value precise keypresses, ergonomic design, and aesthetics. While they offer a high degree of customization, they can be more expensive than mass-produced keyboards due to the premium materials, handcrafting, and limited production runs involved in their creation. 

Why Building a Custom Keyboard is a Hot Thing?

Keyboard enthusiasts customize their mechanical keyboards for several reasons:

  1. Improved typing experience: Enthusiasts often seek to optimize the feel and performance of their keyboards. Customizing key switches, stabilizers, and keycaps allows them to achieve a typing experience that aligns with their preferences in terms of actuation force, tactile feedback, and keypress sound.
  2. Ergonomics: Custom keyboards can be designed with specific ergonomic features, such as split layouts or tented designs, to reduce strain and improve comfort during extended typing sessions.
  3. Aesthetics: Personalization is a significant driver for customization. Enthusiasts can choose from a wide range of keycap designs, colors, and materials to create a keyboard that matches their visual preferences and style.
  4. Unique design: Many keyboard enthusiasts appreciate the opportunity to design their own keyboard cases, layouts, and aesthetics, allowing them to stand out from mass-produced options and even showcase their creativity.
  5. Performance optimization: Custom keyboards often include features like programmable key mapping and macros, enabling users to enhance productivity and streamline their workflow by assigning specific functions to keys.
  6. Improved build quality: Enthusiasts often prioritize premium materials and craftsmanship, which can result in a more durable and long-lasting keyboard compared to off-the-shelf alternatives.
  7. Customized sound profile: The sound produced by a keyboard can be customized to meet individual preferences. Some people prefer a quieter typing experience, while others enjoy the audible feedback of mechanical switches.
  8. Collectibility and rarity: Limited production runs, unique keycap sets, and artisan keycaps contribute to the collectibility of custom keyboards. Enthusiasts may appreciate the rarity and exclusivity of certain components.
  9. Community and social aspect: The mechanical keyboard community is passionate and active. Many enthusiasts enjoy participating in group buys, sharing their builds, and discussing their experiences with like-minded individuals.
  10. Satisfaction of Tinkering: For some, the process of building and customizing a keyboard is a rewarding DIY project that allows them to learn about electronics, soldering, and keyboard design.

Reasons for the High Price of Custom Mechanical Keyboards

You might be wondering why the price of a custom keyboard can be high. It's not just about aesthetics or being a status symbol, there's more to it. Let's delve into the reasons such as the cost of components, handcrafted designs, limited production, specialized features, and high-quality materials, which justify the price tag of these expensive keyboards.

  1. High-quality components: Custom keyboards often feature premium keyboard parts including specialized key switches, keycaps, PCBs, and cases. These high-quality materials and parts are more expensive than standard mass-produced alternatives.
  2. Limited production runs: Custom keyboard makers typically produce keyboards in limited quantities, often as part of group buys. This limited production can result in higher per-unit costs compared to mass production due to economies of scale.
  3. Handcrafting and assembly: Many custom keyboards are assembled by hand, requiring skilled labor for soldering components and ensuring precision. The manual assembly process is time-consuming and contributes to the overall cost.
  4. Custom design and aesthetics: The unique design and aesthetics of custom keyboards, including custom case designs, artisan keycaps, and personalized engravings, add to the overall expense. These design elements often require extra effort and craftsmanship.
  5. Artisan keycaps: Some enthusiasts invest in artisan keycaps, which are handcrafted and highly detailed keycap designs. These are considered collector's items and can be quite expensive.
  6. Custom PCBs: Custom-designed PCBs offer features like programmability, hot-swappable switches, and advanced lighting effects. Developing and manufacturing these custom PCBs can be costly.
  7. Limited availability: Certain components used in custom keyboards such as rare switches or keycap sets may be hard to come by and command premium prices in the aftermarket. Enthusiasts may pay a premium for such components.
  8. Custom firmware and programming: Custom keyboards often allow users to program and customize the keyboard's firmware, which requires additional development and testing.
  9. Exclusivity and rarity: In the keyboard market, custom keyboards are often produced in small quantities, making them exclusive and collectible. The rarity of certain models can drive up demand and prices.
  10. Skilled artisans: Some custom keyboard makers are highly skilled artisans who put a significant amount of time and effort into building a keyboard. Their craftsmanship and expertise command higher prices.
  11. Shipping and Import Costs: Depending on where custom components are sourced, there may be additional expenses related to shipping and import duties, further increasing the overall cost.

Put everything together, and it's easy to understand why these keyboards are expensive. The combination of high-quality components, labor-intensive assembly, unique design elements, limited production, and the customization options available to users all contribute to the premium price of custom mechanical keyboards. 

Are Custom Mechanical Keyboards Worth the Investment?

You might be wondering if custom mechanical keyboards are worth the investment. Well, it's all about weighing their enhanced performance and longevity against their higher price tag. For many users, the tailored typing experience and the satisfaction of owning a one-of-a-kind keyboard make the investment worthwhile.

Personal preferences and requirements

It's through personal preferences and requirements that you get to create your unique custom mechanical keyboard. This level of customization comes with a price tag. That's because you're not just paying for a product---you're investing in an experience.

Each component, from the keycaps to the PCB is tailored to your needs. You're the architect of your own keyboard, selecting the ideal switches for your typing style, the optimal plate material for your desired sound, even the specific stabilizers for a smoother typing experience.

This isn't a run-of-the-mill keyboard off a production line. This is a device as unique as you, designed by you.

It's not just about the cost, it's about the value. And for the innovation seekers, that's worth every penny.

Enhanced typing and gaming experience

Beyond the aesthetics and personalization, there's the enhanced typing and gaming experience that's truly one of a kind. Your fingers glide seamlessly over the keys. Each keystroke resonates with a satisfying click, providing the tactile feedback you've always craved. It's a unique experience, one that can't be replicated by your standard, off-the-shelf keyboard.

With a custom mechanical keyboard, you're in control. You decide the feel, the sound, the response. Want a faster actuation for rapid-fire gaming? You got it. Prefer a heavier switch for a more deliberate keystroke? No problem. It's this kind of innovation that sets custom mechanical keyboards apart.

Sure, they may cost a bit more. But for an unparalleled user experience, it's worth every penny.

Increased longevity and resell value

In the long run, investing in a personalized, high-quality typing tool not only ensures a longer lifespan but also significantly boosts its resale value. You're investing in a piece of innovation that's built to last.

Your custom mechanical keyboard, with its specialty switches and robust casing, withstands millions of keystrokes. After years of faithful service, you decide to upgrade. But instead of a worn-out tool, you've got a high-quality asset with a good resale value. Thanks to the unique, personalized nature of your keyboard, it's still a hot commodity.

Should You Customize Your Keyboard?

Whether custom mechanical keyboards are worth the investment depends on individual preferences, needs, and priorities. Here are some factors to consider when deciding if a custom mechanical keyboard is right for you:

  1. Typing Experience: If you value a tailored typing experience with specific key switches, keycap materials, and layouts, a custom keyboard can provide a significant improvement over mass-produced options. The precise feel and sound of each keypress can be worth the investment for those who prioritize typing comfort and performance.
  2. Aesthetics: Custom keyboards offer extensive customization options for colors, materials, and designs. If you appreciate having a keyboard that reflects your personal style and tastes, a custom keyboard can be a worthwhile investment to enhance your workspace aesthetics.
  3. Productivity: Custom mechanical keyboards often feature programmable keys and macros, which can boost productivity and streamline workflow for tasks like programming or content creation. If efficiency is crucial in your work or hobbies, the investment may pay off over time.
  4. Collectibility: Some custom keyboards, particularly those from limited production runs or with rare components, can become collector's items and gain value over time. If you're a keyboard enthusiast and collector, the investment might be justified as a long-term asset.
  5. Ergonomics: Custom keyboards can be designed with ergonomic features, potentially reducing strain and improving comfort during extended use. If you prioritize ergonomic considerations, the investment in a custom design may contribute to your overall well-being.
  6. Community and Passion: Many people find satisfaction and enjoyment in participating in the mechanical keyboard community, sharing their builds, and engaging with like-minded enthusiasts. If you're passionate about keyboards as a hobby, the investment can be rewarding on a personal level.

However, it's essential to acknowledge the potential downsides and considerations:

  1. Cost: Custom mechanical keyboards can be significantly more expensive than off-the-shelf options, especially when using premium materials and components. Consider whether the price aligns with your budget and priorities.
  2. Time and Research: Building or customizing a keyboard can be time-consuming, requiring research, decision-making, and assembly. If you value convenience, the effort involved may be a drawback.
  3. Skill Level: Some level of technical skill may be required for assembly, soldering, or programming, depending on the customization level. Ensure you're comfortable with the necessary tasks or willing to learn.
  4. Availability: Custom keyboards and components may have limited availability, leading to longer lead times and the potential for frustration if specific components are challenging to source.

Building Your Own Custom Mechanical Keyboard

Ready to take the plunge into building your own custom mechanical keyboard? This is where your personal preferences come into play, choosing the right components that match your needs and style. Let's delve into the assembly process and explore some popular resources and communities for enthusiasts.

General Steps on How to Build Your Own Custom Keyboard 

Building your own custom mechanical keyboard for work or play can be a rewarding project, but it requires careful planning and attention to detail. Here are the general steps to guide you through the process:

1. Define your requirements and preferences.

  • Determine your keyboard's primary use (e.g., typing, gaming, programming).
  • Decide on the form factor (e.g., full-sized, tenkeyless, compact) and layout.
  • Choose the type of switches you prefer based on actuation force, tactile feedback, and noise level.
  • Consider keycap material, profile, and style preferences.
  • Decide if you want backlighting or RGB lighting.

2. Research and select components.

  • Research and choose a keyboard kit or individual components required to build your own custom keyboard. These may include:
    • Keyboard PCB (Printed Circuit Board)
    • Case and frame
    • Key switches
    • Keycaps
    • Stabilizers
    • Plate (optional)
    • Controller (if not included in the PCB)
    • Mounting hardware and screws

3. Gather and assemble tools and workspace.

  • Gather the necessary tools, including a soldering iron, solder, desoldering pump (if needed), screwdrivers, tweezers, and wire cutters.
  • Set up a clean, well-lit workspace with good ventilation.

4. Begin assembly.

  • If your PCB doesn't come pre-assembled, solder the key switches onto the PCB. Be precise, as proper alignment is essential for consistent keypresses.
  • Insert stabilizers into the corresponding keycap positions (e.g., for larger keys like Enter and Spacebar) and clip or lube them as desired.
  • Attach the plate to the PCB (if applicable) and secure it to the case.
  • Insert the key switches into the plate or PCB.

5. Customize keycaps.

  • Install the keycaps onto the switches, ensuring they are properly seated and aligned.

6. Connect and test.

  • Connect the keyboard to your computer via USB or the chosen interface.
  • Test each key to ensure it registers correctly. You may need to program the layout and macros using firmware if the PCB supports it.
  • Verify that all keys have proper actuation and that there are no issues with keypresses or electrical connections.

7. Assemble the case.

  • If the case comes in multiple parts, carefully assemble and secure them according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Ensure that all components are correctly aligned and the keyboard is sturdy.

8. Final testing and debugging.

  • Test the keyboard thoroughly by typing and using all keys to check for any issues.
  • Debug any problems, such as key chatter, missed keypresses, or misalignments, by re-soldering or adjusting components as needed.

9. Personalize your keyboard.

  • Customize the appearance further with keycap sets, artisan keycaps, or other aesthetic modifications.
  • Program advanced features and macros if supported by the PCB.

10. Final assembly.

  • Secure the keyboard PCB and case together, ensuring everything fits snugly.

Note that these are general steps to building a custom keyboard. Specific steps depend on what kind of customization you want. Building a custom mechanical keyboard can be a fun and rewarding project. 

Other Keyboard Customizing Ideas

Keyboard customization allows you to make your mechanical keyboard something unique and creative---something that reflects your style, preferences, and functionality. Here are some keyboard customization ideas to inspire your own unique design:

  1. New keycap sets: Choose keycap sets with different colors, materials (PBT, ABS), and profiles (e.g., SA, DSA, Cherry) to create a unique look. Mix and match colors for a custom aesthetic.
  2. Artisan keycaps: Add artisan keycaps featuring intricate designs, unique shapes, and handcrafted details. Artisan keycaps can be focal points on your keyboard.
  3. Custom keycap printing: Create custom keycap labels or symbols to match your specific key functions or language preferences. Personalized keycaps can enhance functionality.
  4. Case modifications: Customize the keyboard case with unique paint jobs, hydro-dipping, or vinyl wraps. Engravings or laser etchings can also add a personal touch.
  5. RGB lighting: Customize RGB lighting effects and animations to match your mood or workspace ambiance. Some PCBs offer advanced lighting control, allowing for intricate lighting patterns.
  6. Switch lubing: Apply lubrication to mechanical switches to reduce friction and enhance the typing experience. Lubing can make your keyboard quieter and smoother.
  7. Switch stems and springs: Swap out the stems or springs of your switches to fine-tune actuation force, tactility, or sound. Experiment with various switch modifications.
  8. Sound dampening: Install dampening materials such as foam or silicone between the PCB and case to reduce keyboard noise and vibrations.
  9. Custom key layouts: Design and program custom key layouts to optimize your workflow. For example, map keys for programming, gaming, or specific software shortcuts.
  10. DIY wrist rest: Craft a custom wrist rest using materials like wood, leather, or memory foam. Add personalized engravings or artwork for a unique touch.
  11. Cable customization: Customize your keyboard's cable with unique colors, patterns, or materials. Paracord cables are popular for their flexibility and aesthetics.
  12. Custom keycap profiles: Experiment with non-standard keycap profiles like spherical or ortholinear keycaps to explore different typing experiences.
  13. Artwork and decals: Decorate your keyboard with stickers, decals, or vinyl artwork that matches your interests or style.
  14. Macro and shortcut keys: Program custom macros and shortcuts to streamline your workflow or gaming experience. This can be especially useful for repetitive tasks.
  15. Switch soldering: If you're comfortable with electronics, experiment with soldering your own switches or components for a truly custom keyboard.
  16. Desk mat: Choose a custom desk mat with unique artwork or design that complements your keyboard and adds personality to your workspace.

As we roll into 2023, you're probably wondering which mechanical keyboards top the charts for gaming, typing, and coding. You're about to delve into the key features and specifications that set these keyboards apart.

These keyboards offer a range of customization options, from switch selection to keycap choices, and many of them are hot-swappable, making it easier to experiment with different switches.

  1. Ducky One 2 Mini
  • Switches: Cherry MX, Kailh, or other options
  • Keycap Material: Double-shot PBT keycaps
  • Special Features: Compact 60% layout, customizable RGB lighting, detachable USB-C cable, and Ducky Macro 2.0 support.
  1. Keychron K6/K8
  • Switches: Hot-swappable options (Gateron, Keychron, etc.)
  • Keycap Material: ABS or PBT keycaps
  • Special Features: Wireless or wired connectivity, customizable RGB lighting, hot-swappable switches, and Mac/Windows compatibility.
  1. Anne Pro 2
  • Switches: Gateron, Kailh, or other options
  • Keycap Material: PBT keycaps
  • Special Features: Compact 60% layout, wireless Bluetooth 4.0, customizable RGB lighting, and extensive firmware customization options.
  1. Drop ALT
  • Switches: Hot-swappable options (Cherry MX, Kaihua, etc.)
  • Keycap Material: Double-shot PBT keycaps
  • Special Features: Compact 65% layout, customizable RGB lighting, hot-swappable switches, and QMK/VIA compatibility.
  1. Varmilo VA87M/VA108M
  • Switches: Cherry MX or Varmilo EC switches
  • Keycap Material: PBT keycaps with various design options
  • Special Features: High-quality build, various aesthetic options, and support for custom keycap designs.
  1. GMMK (Glorious Modular Mechanical Keyboard)
  • Switches: Hot-swappable options (Cherry MX, Gateron, etc.)
  • Keycap Material: Compatible with any MX-style keycaps
  • Special Features: Hot-swappable switches, customizable RGB lighting, and support for a wide range of switches and keycap sets.
  1. Drop CTRL
  • Switches: Hot-swappable options (Cherry MX, Kaihua, etc.)
  • Keycap Material: Compatible with any MX-style keycaps
  • Special Features: Compact 87-key layout, customizable RGB lighting, hot-swappable switches, and QMK/VIA compatibility.
  1. Leopold FC660M/FC980
  • Switches: Cherry MX or Topre switches
  • Keycap Material: High-quality PBT keycaps
  • Special Features: Minimalist design, durable build quality, and a variety of switch options.
  1. Durgod Taurus K320
  • Switches: Cherry MX switches
  • Keycap Material: Double-shot PBT keycaps
  • Special Features: High build quality, detachable USB-C cable, and customizable keycap colors and styles.
  1. Tofu65 by KBDfans

  • Switches: Hot-swappable options (Cherry MX, Gateron, etc.)
  • Keycap Material: Compatible with any MX-style keycaps
  • Special Features: Aluminum case, customizable RGB lighting, hot-swappable PCB, and support for various layouts.


Are mechanical keyboards so expensive? If you consider the benefits, you will realize that they don't really cost so much. Custom mechanical keyboards may be pricey, but they're worth every dime.

The customization process, small-scale production, premium materials, and advanced features all add to the cost. But these factors also guarantee a unique, durable, and enhanced typing experience that's second to none.

Whether you're a gamer, a writer, or a designer, investing in a custom mechanical keyboard could truly upgrade your workstation or game station as well as increase your productivity.

Chris Greiner, a Mechanical Keyboard specialist, boasts a solid educational background with dual bachelor's degrees in Computer Science and Business Management from Lewis University. His additional certification in Mechanical Keyboard Design showcases his dedication to staying on the forefront of keyboard technology. Chris primarily writes for keyboard enthusiasts and has been featured on platforms like Jestik, solidifying his reputation as a thought leader in the mechanical keyboard community.
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